Panda Facts - Interesting Facts about Pandas (5 Interesting Panda Facts)


Description
The giant panda is one of the rarest and most endangered bears in the world. It is a national treasure in China.
After years of debate, The DNA testing suggests the giant panda is actually a member of the bear family.

The giant panda's average life span in the wild is 14-20 years, but they can live up to 30 years in captivity.

The ancient giant panda was omnivorous 7 million years ago, it only became herbivorous some 2-2.4 million years ago.



A female named Jia Jia which was born in 1978 is the oldest giant panda ever in captivity
Appearance
The Giant panda fur is coarse, dense and somewhat oily. Their thick fur acts as a coat to keep them warm in the cool moist climate of the mountain forests.
The black-and-white fur provides effective camouflage in their snowy and rocky habitat.

Some rare brown pandas have been found only in Qinling Mountains over the past 25 years, but Qi Zai is the last remaining individual known to humans.

Giant pandas' paw have five "fingers" facing forward and one "thumb"--- an enlarged bone at the heel of the paw used for gripping bamboo, climbing trees, etc.



A brown panda named Qi Zai/_守望秦岭

Giant pandas’ paw
Food
Although it belongs to the order Carnivore, the giant panda is a vegetarian with 99% of its diet being bamboo leaves, stalks, and shoots.
Because of the little energy and little protein from consumption of bamboo, the giant pandas eat from 25 to 40 pounds per day and eat for up to 14 hours a day. Given this large diet, the giant panda defecates up to 40 times a day.

The giant panda still retains decidedly ursine teeth, and will sometimes hunt for pikas and other small rodents when available. Pandas in captivity also receive milk, specially formulated vitamin bread or other dietary supplements, and apples and carrots are their favorite treat.


Bamboo is the most main food

Other complementary foods
Habitats
The giant panda was once widespread throughout southern and eastern China, as well as neighboring Myanmar and northern Vietnam.
But their habitat was under attack by dramatic increases in human population. Now they only live in Southwestern China, most of the giant pandas are in Sichuan province, and also in Shaanxi and Gansu provinces.

They once lived at lower elevations but farming and deforestation have pushed them higher into the mountains. In an effort to defend the Giant Panda, China now boasts a network of 67 panda reserves, which safeguard more than 66% of the giant pandas in the wild and almost 54% of their existing habitat.


©WFF

© Nigel Allan / WWF
Behavior
The giant pandas are generally solitary. Each adult panda has a defined home range, and a female is not tolerant of other females in her range.
Social encounters occur primarily during the brief breeding season. After mating, the male leaves the female alone to raise the cub.

Pandas communicate through vocalization and scent marking such as clawing trees, spraying urine and rubbing against objects.

The giant panda is excellent climbers, with cubs able to clamber up trees when they are just 6 months old. They can also swim in the mountain streams. Though they don’t have a permanent den and they can’t store fat, they don’t hibernate.

Though the panda is often assumed to be docile, it has been known to attack humans, possibly out of irritation rather than aggression. Their large molar teeth and strong jaw muscles can deliver a very nasty bite.




Giant Pandas use scent to communicate and mate

Reproduction
Giant pandas tend to have a low reproductive rate, partly because the females only ovulate two out of three days a year.
Giant pandas reach sexual maturity between the ages of 4 and 8, and may be reproductive until age 20.

The mating season is between March and May, and females breed only once a year. Giant Pandas nest on the ground or in hollow trees, giving birth approximately 95 to 160 days after they have mated.

Females give birth to one or two cubs. Triplets are extremely rare. If twins are born, usually only one survives in the wild. The mother will select the stronger of the cubs and the weaker will die. It is thought that the mother can’t produce enough milk for two cubs since she doesn’t store fat.

When the cub is first born, it is pink, blind, and toothless, weighing only 90 to 130 grams.

One to two weeks after birth, the cub’s skin turns gray where its hair will eventually become black.

A month after birth, the color pattern of the cub’s fur is fully developed. Its fur is very soft and coarsens with age.

The cub begins to crawl at 75 to 80 days.

The cubs can eat small quantities of bamboo after six months, though mother’s milk remains the primary food source for most of the first year.

Giant panda cubs weigh 45 kg at one year, and live with their mothers until they are 18 months to two years old.

Cub will stay with their mothers for about two years.










New-born baby

One-week old baby

One-month old baby

Three-months old baby

No comments:

Post a Comment